Title Search

Title Search Law In India

When a person buys a house, it is fair to assume that the seller has the legal authority to transfer ownership. However, such an assumption may have disastrous repercussions if another person claiming the asset appears. That is why a title search is so important.

The term “Title search” is a process that ascertains the ownership rights of property and serves as evidence of the right to claim ownership over said property.

Property title verification in India involves scrutinising publicly available records about the property to verify the legal ownership of the property. Examining the title should also ascertain the existence of any encumbrances or legal interests on the property that may impact your acquisition.

Importance of Title Search

Conducting a title search is a crucial aspect of the residential property acquisition procedure, as it serves to verify the buyer’s legal entitlement to the property, unencumbered by any defects or encumbrances. The importance of conducting a title search can be attributed to several factors.

Validating ownership:

A title search verifies that the present sellers are the legal owners of the property and that no other parties have any unresolved claims against it.

Identifying liens and claims:

A title search has the potential to reveal any monetary and/or legal encumbrances on the real estate, including but not limited to unpaid property taxes, encumbrances on the property, and any easements.

Ensuring marketable title:

A title search verifies that the property in question possesses a clear and marketable title, thereby mitigating the risk of potential legal implications for the buyer in the future.

Discovering defects:

A title search might uncover several issues that can prevent a property from being sold, including zoning violations, a break in the chain of title, and active legal cases against the owner.

Legal Framework of Title Search

In India, the process of carrying out a title search is typically undertaken by either a legal professional specialising in the title search or a specialised firm dedicated to such services. The title of a property is a crucial aspect that individuals take into account when acquiring it, as it serves as evidence of their ownership rights or claims.

In the process of a title search, the title search lawyers will examine numerous land documents spanning several years to identify any potential land ownership complications. In situations where tax issues remain unresolved, it is forbidden for a property proprietor to sell or transfer the property’s ownership rights. The presence of a lien can invalidate any transfer of ownership.

Conducting title searches can provide valuable insights into various aspects of real estate, including property taxes, property deeds contracts, CC&Rs (contracts, terms, and restrictions), and other pertinent details.

The lack of clarity in the title search law in India can be attributed to several factors, including legacy issues stemming from the Zamindari system, inadequacies in the legal framework, and suboptimal administration of land records.

Our Approach on Title Search

Our approach to title searches in India is precise and thorough. Property Title Search Lawyers thoroughly examine titles to help our clients make educated real estate choices. We collect sale deeds, transfer deeds, encumbrance certificates, and other property-related legal papers.

Our firm provides a comprehensive range of title services to our clientele, encompassing all aspects of the process such as –

  • Title searches
  • Title clearing
  • Assistance with lien satisfaction
  • Title insurance policies
  • High tech contract uploads
  • Instant net sheets
  • Preparation of closing documents

Title Search Lawyers check and communicate with local authorities to ensure compliance with local legislation, construction plans, and other permissions. We also check for ongoing litigation that may affect the property’s title.

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Years of Experience

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Clients Served

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Deal Value Handled

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Expert Professionals

Experienced Team

A&A is among the top corporate law firms in India. At A&A, we believe that we are as good as our team, Our principle has guided us to ensure that we have the best corporate lawyers in India based at our main offices while the leading corporate lawyers in other parts of the world run our various practices across the nation, thus ensuring optimum management and service of even the most complex transactions. It is due to our standards of professional responsibility when dealing with our clients and various matters, which we stringently abide by that has enabled us to qualify as one of the reputed corporate law firms in India.

Industry Experience

Whilst A&A commercial law services has been able to cater to legal needs pan India as well as globally, its main founding office and headquarters is in Delhi and it is due to this foothold. A&A corporate lawyer in India has played a vital role in providing advice to the government on various legal and policy-related issues and is amongst the few corporate law firms in India to have the experience and optimal understanding of interpretation and drafting of policy matters.

Client-Centric Approach

A&A adopts an approach that demands the highest levels of knowledge, technical skill and service delivery allowing us to provide accurate, reliable, timely, and cost-effective advice while maintaining international standards of excellence and create a bespoke approach for every client and their business. Our commercial law solicitors unique perspective of working on our client’s matters as a critical part of their team allows us to address their problems like our own. We believe that each client comes with different requirements and concerns – and we work tirelessly to achieve their goals and pursue their objectives.


We make sure that our fee structure and the legal costs involved are very transparent and predictable for our clients. We believe that client relationships are based on trust and a sense of common purpose and we never falter on our promise making us one of the best corporate law firms in India. Our priority has been to deliver the best legal & business solutions and our fee arrangements are tailored to the needs of the client, the client’s goals, and the nature of the matter.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is property valuation provided in the Title Search Report

    Yes, the Title Search Report includes a property value. The report includes the property’s market and government values.

  2. Why is the title search conducted for 30 years

    Title search is conducted for 30 years for two reasons. Firstly, the limitation period against the state is 30 years. And secondly, according to Section 90 of the Evidence Act, any document that has existed for 30 years or more is considered to have been executed validly.

  3. Can I perform a title search independently, or should I hire a professional

    It’s feasible to do a title search yourself. However, a property title search lawyer or title search business is suggested. They have the expertise, experience, and resources to investigate, analyse legal complexity, and offer correct findings. Professional title searches assure accuracy.

  4. Is a title search necessary for a property that is being inherited or gifted

    A title search is necessary even If the property is inherited or gifted. This assures that the transferred property has a marketable title without encumbrances or legal problems. Verifying the property’s ownership and legal status protects the recipient’s rights and avoids future issues.


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