‘Dream11’ amounts to gambling or is a mere game of skill. In its recent judgment in the case of Avinash Mehrotra V The State of Rajasthan & Ors., SLP (C) No. 18478/2020, the Supreme Court upheld the decision of the Rajasthan High Court to the effect that the online fantasy game ‘Dream11’ involves skill and does not amount to gambling.
The Rajasthan High Court while originally discussing this issue observed that horse racing, foot racing, boat racing, football and baseball are a game of skill and judgment and not a game of chance. The Court was of the opinion that playing a fantasy game by any user involves the selection of a virtual team by such user which requires considerable skill, judgment and discretion.
In the court of selecting a virtual team, the user has to assess the relative worth of each athlete/sportsperson as against all athlete/sportspersons available for selection. The user is also required to study the rules and regulations of the relevant sport as well as the strength(s)/weakness(es) of each athlete/player. The Court was of the opinion that the several aforementioned factors would definitely affect the result of the fantasy game.
In light of the above, the Rajasthan High Court went on to hold that “It can be safely deduced that the result of the fantasy games is not determined merely by chance or accident. The skill of the participant determines the result of the game and has a predominant influence on the outcome of the fantasy game.” The High Court, while elaborating the rationale behind its decision, stated that “whether any particular team in the real-world match wins or loses, is also immaterial as the selection of virtual team by the participant involves choosing players from both the teams playing in the real world.”
The Court also briefly discussed the aspect of exercising of fundamental rights for entities offering fantasy sports. The Court observed that Dream11 fantasy sport is a business activity and is entitled to the fundamental right conferred under Article 19(1)(g) of the Constitution of India.
It has been reported that the Data Security Council of India (DSCI) will be introducing a ‘data protection seal’ (DPS) for organizationsView More
The Reserve Bank of India (“RBI”) on January 15, 2024, released a draft framework (“Framework”) that outlines the broad responsibilities, functions, governance as well as the eligibility criteria for the purpose of setting up a self-regulatory organization in fintech companies (“SRO-FT”)View More
The Enforcement Directorate (“ED”) after registering a case under Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (“PMLA”) back in February 2022 and duly conducting the primary investigation alleged in July 2023 that INR 62,476 Crore was illegally transferred by VivoView More
Delhi (Head Office)
Plot No. 66, LGF, #TheHub, Okhla Phase III, Okhla Industrial Estate, New Delhi 110020, India.